Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory
  • Research and development


Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory

Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory


Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory is the leading Arctic Geospace Environment research operator in Finland, providing state of the art infrastructure and highly qualified international staff for performing a variety of geophysical measurements like Arctic satellite research. SGO works in cooperation with over 200 research facilities around the world and operates in shared premises with the brand new Arctic Space Center of Finnish Meteorological Institute.


Since the establishment of Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory in 1913, it has continuously been producing geophysical measurements and internationally significant research based on the observation results. Measurements of the Earth’s magnetic field first began on January 1st in 1914 and have since continued without a stop for over a hundred years.


The Sodankylä Geophysical Observatory runs measurements using 52 continuously working measurement devices in 24 different locations from Finland to Antarctica. Thanks to its Arctic location SGO has access to real-time Arctic satellite research data, which is highly useful in climate and safety research in the Arctic region. The effects of global warming can be monitored closely and the predictability of natural disasters can be improved using satellite observation data. Up-to-date satellite data of the Arctic region is also a key element enabling sea and air traffic over the polar region.


Collaboration and investment opportunities with SGO are numerous, as the observatory offers tailored products and services for research and commercial purposes. Some of the latest SGO research projects study cosmic rays in the Antarctic plateau and geologic 3D mineral exploration within the active mineral exploration area in Sodankylä. Currently SGO is involved in the development program of the new Centre for Arctic Geoinnovations, also located in Sodankylä.


Contact for more information on cooperation and investment possibilities.

SGO open arctic research in lapland
Founded 1913
Industry Research institution
Employees 20-30
Tähteläntie 62, 99600 Sodankylä Finland